Sergey Rastoropov, Viktor Pushkarev, Pavel Fadeev, Svetlana Grimalskaya, Margarita Chikovani


In the article, the authors consider the most pressing issues concerning the essence and content of legal relations arising between an investigator and a legal entity who has suffered from a crime in the criminal process of the Russian Federation. It is established that a legal entity appears as a subject of both public and private law, entering into civil, administrative, criminal, labor and criminal procedural legal relations. The authors substantiate the position that the investigator plays a decisive role in the preliminary investigation. He is interested in ensuring that the participation of the victim and his representative in the investigation process is as active as possible, therefore it is the investigator who must ensure that they can exercise their procedural rights. In conclusion, the authors conclude that in the current situation, it is in no way possible to limit the participation of a legal entity injured by a crime in criminal proceedings only as a civil plaintiff, whose rights are much narrower than those granted to such a participant in the process as the victim. In this regard, the recognition of legal entities as victims expresses the true meaning of this legal institution, which is enshrined in the provisions of criminal procedure legislation.


Victim; Criminal proceedings; Criminal procedural legal relations; Property damage; Damage to business reputation; Moral harm

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