Elvir Akhmetshin, Elena Kirillova, Ilyоs Abdullayev, Alexander Fedorov, Elena Tretyak, Evgeniy Kochetkov


The purpose of the study is to analyze the leading models of the legal personhood of artificial intelligence, define the legal status of AI, and propose an alternative model of legal personhood for strong AI. The research methodology is based on an analysis of a limited sample of studies selected via special criteria and comprehensively examined. The study also employs methods of analogy and comparative analysis. Results: The key models of the legal personhood of AI are examined and the specifics and features of strong AI are identified. The study concludes that strong AI possesses the following characteristics: the ability to process large amounts of data; autonomy, self-learning ability, and adaptability; and the ability to interact with humans. Given the ongoing development of legal personhood attributed to AI, there is a need to develop a new model of said legal personality that would define AI as a quasi-subject of law – an electronic person with limited rights and duties who is liable for actions that cause or may cause harm to human life and health and pose a threat to society.


Artificial intelligence; Rights; Duties; Liability; Algorithm; Program code

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