VIOLATION OF WOMEN’S RIGHTS ON DIVORCE: Study on Religious Court Decision

Kholidah Kholidah, Muhammad Ridho, Sobhan Sobhan, Mahyudin Ritonga


Various marriage problems cause women to sometimes file for legal divorce from their husbands. However, the religious court decision on divorce has violated women's rights, both alimony and mut'ah rights. This study aimed to show the causes of post-divorce violations of women's rights and the implications of religious court decisions on women which violate their rights. This study used two data collection methods, namely documentation of Religious Court decisions through directories and interviews. The decision was confirmed to informants through interviews with a number of judges and women as plaintiffs. Based on the results, the Religious Court decision on divorce violating women's rights produces poverty and life stress for women. Women do not get justice because the Religious Court decision creates gender bias. Therefore, it takes courage from judges in deciding divorce cases to realize 3 legal objectives and a legislative review of several articles in Law on Marriage for the reformulation of Islamic Family Law in Indonesia. 


divorce; women's rights; religious court; Islamic Law; Islamic family

Texto completo:

Sem título (English)


Adawiyah, R. (2019). The Reform of Muslim Women’s Rights in the Marriage Law of Indonesia and Malaysia. Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, 82, 115–124.

Amato, P. R. (2000). The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 1269–1287.

Annisa, W., Yaswirman, & Yasniwati. (2019). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding The Payment Nafkah (Living ) for Children as a Result Break Up of Marriage in Jurisdiction Territory of Religion Court Pekanbaru City. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 6(6), 460–469.

Asnawi, H. S., & Ismail, H. (2020). Discrimination against wife in the perspective of CEDAW and Islam Mubādalah. Ijtihad : Jurnal Wacana Hukum Islam Dan Kemanusiaan, 20(2), 253–268.

Bix, B. H. (2011). Radbruch’s Formula and Conceptual Analysis. The American Journal of Jurisprudence, 56(1), 45–57.

Bramantara, R. H. (2021). Equality Before the Law Principle in the Implementation of Legal Aid in Indonesia. The Indonesian Journal of International Clinical Legal Education, 3(2), 49–63.

Damota, M. D. (2019). The Effect of Divorce on Families’ Life. Journal of Culture, Society and Development, 48, 6–11.

Dios, A. J. de (Ed.). (2016). Progress Report On Women’s Rights and Gender Equality. Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) 2016.

Fadli, & Juliandi, B. (2021). Negotiations between Positive Law and Islamic Law : Determination of Marriage Guardians at Idi Rayeuk Religious Affairs Office , Aceh , Indonesia Negosiasi antara Hukum Positif dengan Hukum Islam : Penetapan Wali Nikah di Kantor Urusan Agama Idi Rayeuk ,. JIL: Journal of Islamic Law, 2(2), 268–283.

Gul, W. (2019). Strategy: Can a Research Methodology Be Proposed from Islamic Sources of Knowledge? International Business Research, 12(7), 83–95.

Hamzah, H., Narang, A. M., & Yusari, A. (2021). Legal Systems in Indonesia: Overview. Thomson Reuters Practical Law, October 1999, 1–22.

Hasyim, A. M. (2015). The Principles of Tightening Divorce in Semarang High Religious Court i Maqasid Al-Shari’ah Perspective. Al-Mawarid Journal of Islamic Law, XV(1), 69–96.

Karisoh, F. J. M. M., Waha, C. J. J., Sondakh, J., & Senewe, E. V. T. (2021). The Court Ruling Regarding Gender Change in Human Rights Law. Journal of The Community Development in Asia, 4(3), 79–91.

Leawoods, H. (2000). Gustav Radbruch: An Extraordinary Legal Philosopher. Washington University Journal of Law & Policy, 2(1), 489–515.

Leopold, T. (2018). Gender Differences in the Consequences of Divorce: A Study of Multiple Outcomes. Demography, 55(3), 769–797.

M.D., P. (2019). Legal Research- Descriptive Analysis on Doctrinal Methodology. International Journal of Management, Technology, and Social Sciences, 4(2), 95–103.

Nur, M., & Jamil, A. (2021). Factors Affecting The Predominance Of Verstek Judgments In Divorce Cases Before The Religious Court. Prophetic Law Review, 3(1), 78–91.

Nurlaelawati, E. (2013). Muslim Women in Indonesian Religious Courts. Islamic Law and Society, 20(3), 242–271.

Odis, A. I. (2021). Effects of Divorce on Women and Children. Texila International Journal of Public Health, 9(1), 1–14.

Prahara, E. (2018). Udgment Considerations on the Responsibilities of the Accused Facilities in the Provision of Post-Declated District. Rnal Jurnal USM Law Review Vol, 1(1), 1–11.

Rigoni, A. (2014). Common-law judicial reasoning and analogy. Legal Theory, 20(2), 133–156.

Rohman, A. N., Sugeng, & Widyaningrum, H. (2020). Instrumentation of Ex-Officio Rights of Religious Courts Judge Related to Fulfilling Children and Wife’s Rights Duo to Divorce. Jurnal Hukum & Pembangunan, 50(2), 361–378.

Scott, S. B., Rhoades, G. K., Stanley, S. M., Allen, E. S., & Markman, H. J. (2013). Reasons for divorce and recollections of premarital intervention: Implications for improving relationship education. Couple and Family Psychology: Research and Practice, 2(2), 131–145.

Siregar, A. P. R., & Nizmi, Y. E. (2019). Implementatisi Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) di Indonesia. JOM FISIP, 6(1), 1–15.

Suhardin, Y. (2015). Fenomena Mengabaikan Keadilan Dalam Penegakan Hukum. Mimbar Hukumukum, 21(2), 203–408.

Sunarsi, D., & Sumiyati. (2019). Strengthening Women’s Rights In Law Through Supreme Court Number 3 Year 2017 Regulation In Divorce Cases In The Religious Court. Opcion, 33(22), 2899–2921.

Wan Mohd Khairul Firdaus, W. K. (2017). Towards The Development of Islamic-based Research Methodology. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(2), 450–457.

Wijayati, M., Abdullah, I., White, S., Rosadi, A., Yamin, A., & Larasati, Y. G. (2021). Justice brokers: Women’s experiences with injustice and dependence in the divorce process. Cogent Social Sciences, 7(1).



  • Não há apontamentos.

Revista Relações Internacionais do Mundo Atual e-ISSN: 2316-2880

Rua Chile, 1678, Rebouças, Curitiba/PR (Brasil). CEP 80.220-181

Licença Creative Commons

Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.