Objective: The study analyzes the operation of radical left-wing movements in various countries of the world. The purpose of the study is to compare the political and legal status of radical left-wing movements in different countries. Methods: Pursuing this goal, the paper presents various points of view expressed by researchers on the specific features of left-wing radicalism, describes the history of the emergence of radical left-wing movements the main reason for their popularization in the modern world, and their distinctive characteristics in different states. Results: The authors proceed from the fact that radical left-wing protests in various countries that have taken place around the world over the past 10 years (events in 2011 such as the Arab Spring and the outrage movement in Spain, political protests in Russia, the Euromaidan in Ukraine, and many other events, including left-wing protests in Kazakhstan in 2022) against the background of current economic and political instability increase the interest of researchers to understand the impact of left-wing movements on the legal and political spheres of contemporary society. The article sheds light on the diverse goals that radical left-wing movements are trying to pursue, as well as on the main strategies and tactics of achieving them. Conclusion: As a result of the conducted research, certain provisions are formulated regarding the political and legal status of radical left-wing movements, which is viewed as conditioned by the presence of the elements of extremism in the activities of these organizations. Furthermore, promising directions of improving the state policy on mitigating contradictions between the state administration and the interests of society are suggested. A part of the paper is devoted specifically to the study of the possibility of involving left-wing movements in the political life of the state through legal mechanisms of participation in politics, considering such involvement as a mechanism for reducing tensions in society and increasing the level of security.


radicalism; left-wing movements; left-wing regime; political life; mass demonstrations

Texto completo:

PDF (English)


Agustin, O. G., & Briziarelli, M. (Eds.). (2018). Podemos and the new political cycle. Left-wing populism and anti-establishment politics. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan, 299 р.

Churchill, W, & Wall, J. V. (2001). Agents of repression: The FBI's secret wars against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement. Cambridge, MA: South End Press, 550 p.

Dudin, M. N., Afanasyev, V. V., Voropaev, M. V., & Zasko, V. N. (2020). Estado y problemas de digitalización de la gestión de universidades en Rusia y en tres países latinoamericanos (Argentina, Chile y Brasil) [Situation and problems of digitation of university management in Russia and in three Latin-American countries (Argentina, Chile, and Brazil)]. Formación Universitaria, 13(6), 61-76.

Dudin, M. N., Frolova, E. E., Protopopova, O. V., Artemieva, J. A., & Abashidze, A. H. (2016). Latin America and Russia on the course of mutual contingence under conditions of global economic crisis. International Journal of Applied Business and Economic Research, 14(15), 11161-11170.

The Economist. (2011, December 11). Protest in Russia: A Russian awakening. Retrieved from

Erpylev, S. V., & Magun, A. V. (Eds.). (2015). Politika apolitichnykh: Grazhdanskie dvizheniia v Rossii 2011- 2013 gg. [The Politics of the apolitical: Civic movements in Russia in 2011-2013]. Moscow, Russia: Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie.

Grani.Ru. (2011, December 10). Miting na Bolotnoi sobral ot 85 do 150 tysiach chelovek [The protest on Bolotnaya Street gathered between 85,000 and 150,000 people]. Retrieved from

Huong, N. T. X., Nguyet, T. T. M., & Bang, N. N. (2022). Factors influencing the citizens’ satisfaction with the quality of public administrative services: A case study in Vietnam. Journal of Law and Political Sciences, 30(1), 190-212.

Ivanovskii, Z. (2021). Levye rezhimy v sovremennoi Latinskoi Amerike: Teoreticheskie kontseptsii i politicheskaia praktika [Left-wing regimes in contemporary Latin America: Theoretical concepts and political practice]. Latin-American Historical Almanac, 31, 126-160.

Kashina, E. A. de Velazco, J. J. H. G. Hernandez, A. C. C., Brega, A. V., Bondarenko, N. G., & Hernandez, J. C. V. (2021). Evangelicalism as a Protestant Movement in Latin America Causes and Consequences. European Journal of Science and Theology, 17(3), 125-135.

Katsourides, Y. (2016). Radical left parties in government: The cases of SYRIZA and AKEL. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 170 р.

Keith, D. (2018). Radical left parties and left movements in Northern Europe. In M. Wennerhag, Ch. Fröhlich, & G. Piotrowski (Eds.), Radical Left Movements in Europe. London, UK: Routledge.

Laserna, R. (2007). El caudillismo fragmentado. Nueva Sociedad, 209, 100-117.

March, L., & Mudde, C. (2005). What’s left of the radical left? The European radical left after 1989: Decline and nutation. Comparative European Politics, 3(1), 23-49.

March, L., & Rommerskirchen, C. (2015). Out of left field? Explaining the variable electoral success of European radical left parties. Party Politics, 21(1), 40-53.

Marin, E. B., Kalita, V. V., Yulina, G. N., Polozhentseva, I. V., & Kalnibolanchuk, I. S. (2019). Image of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation as viewed by Russian students: Factor semantic reconstruction. Amazonia Investiga, 8(24), 53-61.

Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation. (2021). The list of public associations and religious organizations, which have been subjected to a court decision on liquidation or prohibition that has entered into legal force. Retrieved from

Pereira da Silva, F. (2017). Bolivarianismo en la encrucijada. Un análisis de la escensión y crisis del chavismo desde sus conceptos [Bolivarianismo at the crossroads. Analysis of the rise and crisis of chavismo from its own concepts]. In Política latinoaméricana contemporánea [Contemporary Latin American politics] (pp. 593-616). Mexico City, Mexico: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.

Poltavskaia, Iu. N. (2013). Osobennosti politicheskogo uchastiia molodezhnykh levoradikalnykh organizatsii v sovremennoi Rossii [Peculiarities of the political involvement of left-wing radical youth organizations in contemporary Russia]: dissertation ... candidate of political sciences: 23.00.02. Saratov State University named after N.G. Chernyshevsky, Saratov, Russia.

RBK. (2013, July 22). Prokuratura razreshila “Levyi front” [Prosecutor's office permits “the Left Front”]. Retrieved from

RIA.News. (2013, May 7). Oppozitsiia na Bolotnoi: To zhe chislo, no drugoi sostav i bez narushenii [Opposition on Bolotnaya: Same numbers, but different composition and no violations]. Retrieved from

Roca, B., Martín-Díaz, E., & Díaz-Parra, I. (Eds.). (2017). Challenging Austerity. Radical left and social movements in the South of Europe. London, UK: Routledge.

Seale, R. G. (1996). Seize the time. The story of the Black Panther party and Huey Newton. Baltimore, MD: Black Classic Press.

Sergeev, S. A. (2019). “Novye levye” radikaly: Ot “Podemos” do levogo fronta [“New Left” Radicals: From Podemos to the Left Front]. In O. V. Gaman-Golutvina, L. V. Smorgunov, & L. N. Timofeeva (Eds.), Traektorii politicheskogo razvitiia Rossii: Instituty, proekty, aktory. Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific Conference of Russian Political Science Association with international participation (pp. 360-361). Moscow, Russia: Moscow State Pedagogical University.

Shinkarenko, A. A. (2021). Evoliutsiia ekologicheskogo diskursa v Latinskoi Amerike: Traditsii i novshestva [Evolution of environmental discourse in Latin America: Traditions and innovations]. Latinskaia Amerika, 2, 6-16.

State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation. (2002). Federal Law of July 25, 2002, No. 114-FZ “On combating extremist activity” (as amended on July 12, 2021). Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii [SZ RF] [Collection of Legislation of the RF] 29.07.2002, No. 30, Item 3031.

Tolmachev, O. M., Starodumov, L. L., Nesova, N. M., Kotovchikhina, N. D., & Magomedov, R. M. (2021). The policy of quality assurance of university e-education in Europe and Latin America. Revista Tempos E Espaços Em Educação, 14(33), e16108.

Wennerhag, M., Fröhlich, Ch., & Piotrowski, G. (Eds.). (2019). Radical left movements in Europe. Abingdon, UK; New York, NY: Routledge.

Zelenkov, M. Yu., Laamarti, Yu. A., Diaghilev, V. V., Vasilyeva, O. N., Zinkovsky, S., & Shermukhamedova, N. (2021). The system of key risk factors contributing to religious terrorist activities in the 21st century. European Journal of Science and Theology, 17(3), 91-101.



  • Não há apontamentos.

Revista Relações Internacionais do Mundo Atual e-ISSN: 2316-2880

Rua Chile, 1678, Rebouças, Curitiba/PR (Brasil). CEP 80.220-181

Licença Creative Commons

Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.